Association between cobalt allergy and dermatitis caused by leather articles: a questionnaire study

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Association between cobalt allergy and dermatitis caused by leather articles : a questionnaire study. / Bregnbak, David; Thyssen, Jacob P; Zachariae, Claus; Menné, Torkil; Johansen, Jeanne D.

In: Contact Dermatitis, Vol. 72, No. 2, 02.2015, p. 106-114.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Harvard

Bregnbak, D, Thyssen, JP, Zachariae, C, Menné, T & Johansen, JD 2015, 'Association between cobalt allergy and dermatitis caused by leather articles: a questionnaire study', Contact Dermatitis, vol. 72, no. 2, pp. 106-114. https://doi.org/10.1111/cod.12319

APA

Bregnbak, D., Thyssen, J. P., Zachariae, C., Menné, T., & Johansen, J. D. (2015). Association between cobalt allergy and dermatitis caused by leather articles: a questionnaire study. Contact Dermatitis, 72(2), 106-114. https://doi.org/10.1111/cod.12319

Vancouver

Bregnbak D, Thyssen JP, Zachariae C, Menné T, Johansen JD. Association between cobalt allergy and dermatitis caused by leather articles: a questionnaire study. Contact Dermatitis. 2015 Feb;72(2):106-114. https://doi.org/10.1111/cod.12319

Author

Bregnbak, David ; Thyssen, Jacob P ; Zachariae, Claus ; Menné, Torkil ; Johansen, Jeanne D. / Association between cobalt allergy and dermatitis caused by leather articles : a questionnaire study. In: Contact Dermatitis. 2015 ; Vol. 72, No. 2. pp. 106-114.

Bibtex

@article{36d52f7c69324cda87a1de3ffead484d,
title = "Association between cobalt allergy and dermatitis caused by leather articles: a questionnaire study",
abstract = "BACKGROUND: Cobalt is a strong skin sensitizer and a prevalent contact allergen. Recent studies have recognized exposure to leather articles as a potential cause of cobalt allergy.OBJECTIVES: To examine the association between contact allergy to cobalt and a history of dermatitis resulting from exposure to leather.METHODS: A questionnaire case-control study was performed: the case group consisted of 183 dermatitis patients with a positive patch test reaction to cobalt chloride and a negative patch test reaction to potassium dichromate; the control group consisted of 621 dermatitis patients who did not react to either cobalt or chromium in patch testing. Comparisons were made by use of a χ(2) -test, Fisher's exact, and the Mann-Whitney test. Logistic regression analyses were used to test for associations while taking confounding factors into consideration.RESULTS: Leather was observed as the most frequent exposure source causing dermatitis in the case group. Although the case group significantly more often reported non-occupational dermatitis caused by leather exposure (p < 0.001), no association was found between cobalt allergy and dermatitis caused by work-related exposure to leather.CONCLUSIONS: Our study suggests a positive association between cobalt allergy and a history of dermatitis caused by non-occupational exposure to leather articles.",
keywords = "Adult, Aged, Aged, 80 and over, Allergens, Case-Control Studies, Cobalt, Cross-Sectional Studies, Dermatitis, Allergic Contact, Dermatitis, Occupational, Female, Humans, Male, Middle Aged, Patch Tests, Quality of Life, Severity of Illness Index, Surveys and Questionnaires, Tanning, Young Adult",
author = "David Bregnbak and Thyssen, {Jacob P} and Claus Zachariae and Torkil Menn{\'e} and Johansen, {Jeanne D}",
note = "{\circledC} 2014 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.",
year = "2015",
month = "2",
doi = "10.1111/cod.12319",
language = "English",
volume = "72",
pages = "106--114",
journal = "Contact Dermatitis",
issn = "0105-1873",
publisher = "Wiley-Blackwell",
number = "2",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Association between cobalt allergy and dermatitis caused by leather articles

T2 - a questionnaire study

AU - Bregnbak, David

AU - Thyssen, Jacob P

AU - Zachariae, Claus

AU - Menné, Torkil

AU - Johansen, Jeanne D

N1 - © 2014 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

PY - 2015/2

Y1 - 2015/2

N2 - BACKGROUND: Cobalt is a strong skin sensitizer and a prevalent contact allergen. Recent studies have recognized exposure to leather articles as a potential cause of cobalt allergy.OBJECTIVES: To examine the association between contact allergy to cobalt and a history of dermatitis resulting from exposure to leather.METHODS: A questionnaire case-control study was performed: the case group consisted of 183 dermatitis patients with a positive patch test reaction to cobalt chloride and a negative patch test reaction to potassium dichromate; the control group consisted of 621 dermatitis patients who did not react to either cobalt or chromium in patch testing. Comparisons were made by use of a χ(2) -test, Fisher's exact, and the Mann-Whitney test. Logistic regression analyses were used to test for associations while taking confounding factors into consideration.RESULTS: Leather was observed as the most frequent exposure source causing dermatitis in the case group. Although the case group significantly more often reported non-occupational dermatitis caused by leather exposure (p < 0.001), no association was found between cobalt allergy and dermatitis caused by work-related exposure to leather.CONCLUSIONS: Our study suggests a positive association between cobalt allergy and a history of dermatitis caused by non-occupational exposure to leather articles.

AB - BACKGROUND: Cobalt is a strong skin sensitizer and a prevalent contact allergen. Recent studies have recognized exposure to leather articles as a potential cause of cobalt allergy.OBJECTIVES: To examine the association between contact allergy to cobalt and a history of dermatitis resulting from exposure to leather.METHODS: A questionnaire case-control study was performed: the case group consisted of 183 dermatitis patients with a positive patch test reaction to cobalt chloride and a negative patch test reaction to potassium dichromate; the control group consisted of 621 dermatitis patients who did not react to either cobalt or chromium in patch testing. Comparisons were made by use of a χ(2) -test, Fisher's exact, and the Mann-Whitney test. Logistic regression analyses were used to test for associations while taking confounding factors into consideration.RESULTS: Leather was observed as the most frequent exposure source causing dermatitis in the case group. Although the case group significantly more often reported non-occupational dermatitis caused by leather exposure (p < 0.001), no association was found between cobalt allergy and dermatitis caused by work-related exposure to leather.CONCLUSIONS: Our study suggests a positive association between cobalt allergy and a history of dermatitis caused by non-occupational exposure to leather articles.

KW - Adult

KW - Aged

KW - Aged, 80 and over

KW - Allergens

KW - Case-Control Studies

KW - Cobalt

KW - Cross-Sectional Studies

KW - Dermatitis, Allergic Contact

KW - Dermatitis, Occupational

KW - Female

KW - Humans

KW - Male

KW - Middle Aged

KW - Patch Tests

KW - Quality of Life

KW - Severity of Illness Index

KW - Surveys and Questionnaires

KW - Tanning

KW - Young Adult

U2 - 10.1111/cod.12319

DO - 10.1111/cod.12319

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 25407465

VL - 72

SP - 106

EP - 114

JO - Contact Dermatitis

JF - Contact Dermatitis

SN - 0105-1873

IS - 2

ER -

ID: 156084899