Chromium(VI) release from leather and metals can be detected with a diphenylcarbazide spot test

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

BACKGROUND: Along with chromium, nickel and cobalt are the clinically most important metal allergens. However, unlike for nickel and cobalt, there is no validated colorimetric spot test that detects chromium. Such a test could help both clinicians and their patients with chromium dermatitis to identify culprit exposures.

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the use of diphenylcarbazide (DPC) as a spot test reagent for the identification of chromium(VI) release.

METHODS: A colorimetric chromium(VI) spot test based on DPC was prepared and used on different items from small market surveys.

RESULTS: The DPC spot test was able to identify chromium(VI) release at 0.5 ppm without interference from other pure metals, alloys, or leather. A market survey using the test showed no chromium(VI) release from work tools (0/100). However, chromium(VI) release from metal screws (7/60), one earring (1/50), leather shoes (4/100) and leather gloves (6/11) was observed. We found no false-positive test reactions. Confirmatory testing was performed with X-ray fluorescence (XRF) and spectrophotometrically on extraction fluids.

CONCLUSIONS: The use of DPC as a colorimetric spot test reagent appears to be a good and valid test method for detecting the release of chromium(VI) ions from leather and metal articles. The spot test has the potential to become a valuable screening tool.

Original languageEnglish
JournalContact Dermatitis
Issue number5
Pages (from-to)281-8
Number of pages8
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2015

ID: 160048442