Experimental patch testing with chromium-coated materials

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

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Experimental patch testing with chromium-coated materials. / Bregnbak, David; Thyssen, Jacob P.; Jellesen, Morten S.; Zachariae, Claus; Johansen, Jeanne D.

In: Contact Dermatitis, Vol. 76, No. 6, 2017, p. 333-341.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Harvard

Bregnbak, D, Thyssen, JP, Jellesen, MS, Zachariae, C & Johansen, JD 2017, 'Experimental patch testing with chromium-coated materials', Contact Dermatitis, vol. 76, no. 6, pp. 333-341. https://doi.org/10.1111/cod.12747

APA

Bregnbak, D., Thyssen, J. P., Jellesen, M. S., Zachariae, C., & Johansen, J. D. (2017). Experimental patch testing with chromium-coated materials. Contact Dermatitis, 76(6), 333-341. https://doi.org/10.1111/cod.12747

Vancouver

Bregnbak D, Thyssen JP, Jellesen MS, Zachariae C, Johansen JD. Experimental patch testing with chromium-coated materials. Contact Dermatitis. 2017;76(6):333-341. https://doi.org/10.1111/cod.12747

Author

Bregnbak, David ; Thyssen, Jacob P. ; Jellesen, Morten S. ; Zachariae, Claus ; Johansen, Jeanne D. / Experimental patch testing with chromium-coated materials. In: Contact Dermatitis. 2017 ; Vol. 76, No. 6. pp. 333-341.

Bibtex

@article{fae82f4666b7425198eb891d67179902,
title = "Experimental patch testing with chromium-coated materials",
abstract = "Background: Chromium coatings on metal alloys can be decorative, and prevent corrosion and metal ion release. We recently showed that handling of a chromium-containing disc resulted in chromium deposition on the skin. Objectives: To examine patch test reactivity to chromium-coated discs. Methods: We included 15 patients: 10 chromium-allergic patients, and 5 patients without chromium allergy. All were patch tested with potassium dichromate, cobalt chloride, nickel sulfate, and nine different metallic discs. The chromium-allergic patients were also patch tested with serial dilutions of potassium dichromate. Results: Positive/weaker reactions were observed to disc B (1 of 10), disc C (1 of 10), and disc D, disc E, and disc I (4 of 10 each). As no controls reacted to any of the discs, the weak reactions indicate allergic reactions. Positive patch test reactions to 1770 ppm chromium(VI) in the serial dilutions of potassium dichromate were observed in 7 of 10 patients. When the case group was narrowed down to include only the patients with a current positive patch test reaction to potassium dichromate, elicitation of dermatitis by both chromium(III) and chromium(VI) discs was observed in 4 of 7 of patients. Conclusions: Many of the patients reacted to both chromium(III) and chromium(VI) surfaces. Our results indicate that both chromium(VI) and chromium(III) pose a risk to chromium-allergic patients.",
keywords = "allergic chromium dermatitis, allergy, chromium, dermatitis, leather, metals, potassium dichromate",
author = "David Bregnbak and Thyssen, {Jacob P.} and Jellesen, {Morten S.} and Claus Zachariae and Johansen, {Jeanne D.}",
year = "2017",
doi = "10.1111/cod.12747",
language = "English",
volume = "76",
pages = "333--341",
journal = "Contact Dermatitis",
issn = "0105-1873",
publisher = "Wiley-Blackwell",
number = "6",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Experimental patch testing with chromium-coated materials

AU - Bregnbak, David

AU - Thyssen, Jacob P.

AU - Jellesen, Morten S.

AU - Zachariae, Claus

AU - Johansen, Jeanne D.

PY - 2017

Y1 - 2017

N2 - Background: Chromium coatings on metal alloys can be decorative, and prevent corrosion and metal ion release. We recently showed that handling of a chromium-containing disc resulted in chromium deposition on the skin. Objectives: To examine patch test reactivity to chromium-coated discs. Methods: We included 15 patients: 10 chromium-allergic patients, and 5 patients without chromium allergy. All were patch tested with potassium dichromate, cobalt chloride, nickel sulfate, and nine different metallic discs. The chromium-allergic patients were also patch tested with serial dilutions of potassium dichromate. Results: Positive/weaker reactions were observed to disc B (1 of 10), disc C (1 of 10), and disc D, disc E, and disc I (4 of 10 each). As no controls reacted to any of the discs, the weak reactions indicate allergic reactions. Positive patch test reactions to 1770 ppm chromium(VI) in the serial dilutions of potassium dichromate were observed in 7 of 10 patients. When the case group was narrowed down to include only the patients with a current positive patch test reaction to potassium dichromate, elicitation of dermatitis by both chromium(III) and chromium(VI) discs was observed in 4 of 7 of patients. Conclusions: Many of the patients reacted to both chromium(III) and chromium(VI) surfaces. Our results indicate that both chromium(VI) and chromium(III) pose a risk to chromium-allergic patients.

AB - Background: Chromium coatings on metal alloys can be decorative, and prevent corrosion and metal ion release. We recently showed that handling of a chromium-containing disc resulted in chromium deposition on the skin. Objectives: To examine patch test reactivity to chromium-coated discs. Methods: We included 15 patients: 10 chromium-allergic patients, and 5 patients without chromium allergy. All were patch tested with potassium dichromate, cobalt chloride, nickel sulfate, and nine different metallic discs. The chromium-allergic patients were also patch tested with serial dilutions of potassium dichromate. Results: Positive/weaker reactions were observed to disc B (1 of 10), disc C (1 of 10), and disc D, disc E, and disc I (4 of 10 each). As no controls reacted to any of the discs, the weak reactions indicate allergic reactions. Positive patch test reactions to 1770 ppm chromium(VI) in the serial dilutions of potassium dichromate were observed in 7 of 10 patients. When the case group was narrowed down to include only the patients with a current positive patch test reaction to potassium dichromate, elicitation of dermatitis by both chromium(III) and chromium(VI) discs was observed in 4 of 7 of patients. Conclusions: Many of the patients reacted to both chromium(III) and chromium(VI) surfaces. Our results indicate that both chromium(VI) and chromium(III) pose a risk to chromium-allergic patients.

KW - allergic chromium dermatitis

KW - allergy

KW - chromium

KW - dermatitis

KW - leather

KW - metals

KW - potassium dichromate

U2 - 10.1111/cod.12747

DO - 10.1111/cod.12747

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 28120332

AN - SCOPUS:85017347431

VL - 76

SP - 333

EP - 341

JO - Contact Dermatitis

JF - Contact Dermatitis

SN - 0105-1873

IS - 6

ER -

ID: 196142149