Exposure to phenols, parabens and UV filters: Associations with loss-of-function mutations in the filaggrin gene in men from the general population

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Exposure to phenols, parabens and UV filters : Associations with loss-of-function mutations in the filaggrin gene in men from the general population. / Joensen, Ulla N.; Jørgensen, Niels; Thyssen, Jacob P.; Petersen, Jørgen Holm; Szecsi, Pal B.; Stender, Steen; Andersson, Anne Maria; Skakkebæk, Niels E.; Frederiksen, Hanne.

In: Environment International, Vol. 105, 2017, p. 105-111.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Harvard

Joensen, UN, Jørgensen, N, Thyssen, JP, Petersen, JH, Szecsi, PB, Stender, S, Andersson, AM, Skakkebæk, NE & Frederiksen, H 2017, 'Exposure to phenols, parabens and UV filters: Associations with loss-of-function mutations in the filaggrin gene in men from the general population', Environment International, vol. 105, pp. 105-111. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envint.2017.05.013

APA

Joensen, U. N., Jørgensen, N., Thyssen, J. P., Petersen, J. H., Szecsi, P. B., Stender, S., ... Frederiksen, H. (2017). Exposure to phenols, parabens and UV filters: Associations with loss-of-function mutations in the filaggrin gene in men from the general population. Environment International, 105, 105-111. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envint.2017.05.013

Vancouver

Joensen UN, Jørgensen N, Thyssen JP, Petersen JH, Szecsi PB, Stender S et al. Exposure to phenols, parabens and UV filters: Associations with loss-of-function mutations in the filaggrin gene in men from the general population. Environment International. 2017;105:105-111. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envint.2017.05.013

Author

Joensen, Ulla N. ; Jørgensen, Niels ; Thyssen, Jacob P. ; Petersen, Jørgen Holm ; Szecsi, Pal B. ; Stender, Steen ; Andersson, Anne Maria ; Skakkebæk, Niels E. ; Frederiksen, Hanne. / Exposure to phenols, parabens and UV filters : Associations with loss-of-function mutations in the filaggrin gene in men from the general population. In: Environment International. 2017 ; Vol. 105. pp. 105-111.

Bibtex

@article{45de89ad88fa4403ab5ba8b1d50ef547,
title = "Exposure to phenols, parabens and UV filters: Associations with loss-of-function mutations in the filaggrin gene in men from the general population",
abstract = "Background Filaggrin is an epidermal protein that is important for normal skin barrier functions. Up to 10{\%} of Europeans and Asians carry filaggrin gene (FLG) loss-of function mutations that appear to facilitate trans-epidermal penetration of certain chemicals. We previously showed that mutation carriers have higher internal exposure to certain phthalates, compared to controls, and hypothesized that they could have increased trans-epidermal penetration of other chemicals. Objectives We investigated exposure to non-persistent chemicals in young Danish men with and without FLG mutations. Methods Concentrations of eight simple phenols, six parabens and nine UV filters were analysed in urine from 65 FLG loss-of-function mutation carriers and 130 non-carriers (controls). Regression analyses, controlling for urinary dilution and confounders, were performed to estimate associations between FLG mutation status and chemical concentrations in urine. Results FLG mutation carriers had 80{\%} (13–180{\%}) higher urinary concentrations of methyl paraben (MeP) and 91{\%} (13–219{\%}) higher concentrations of n-propyl paraben (n-PrP) than controls. For 13 compounds, levels were higher in FLG mutation carriers, although differences were only statistically significant for MeP and n-PrP. Combined statistical analysis of concentrations of all the 18 compounds that were detectable in > 10{\%} of subjects, suggested that concentrations were generally higher in mutation carriers (p = 0.03). Conclusion FLG loss-of-function mutation carriers have a higher internal exposure to some non-persistent chemicals, independently of atopic dermatitis. This may be due to increased trans-epidermal absorption and/or higher exposure, and mutation carriers may constitute a group susceptible to increased absorption of chemicals and topical medication.",
keywords = "Dermal exposure, Endocrine disrupting chemicals, Filaggrin, Parabens, Phenols, UV filters",
author = "Joensen, {Ulla N.} and Niels J{\o}rgensen and Thyssen, {Jacob P.} and Petersen, {J{\o}rgen Holm} and Szecsi, {Pal B.} and Steen Stender and Andersson, {Anne Maria} and Skakkeb{\ae}k, {Niels E.} and Hanne Frederiksen",
year = "2017",
doi = "10.1016/j.envint.2017.05.013",
language = "English",
volume = "105",
pages = "105--111",
journal = "Environment International",
issn = "0160-4120",
publisher = "Pergamon Press",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Exposure to phenols, parabens and UV filters

T2 - Associations with loss-of-function mutations in the filaggrin gene in men from the general population

AU - Joensen, Ulla N.

AU - Jørgensen, Niels

AU - Thyssen, Jacob P.

AU - Petersen, Jørgen Holm

AU - Szecsi, Pal B.

AU - Stender, Steen

AU - Andersson, Anne Maria

AU - Skakkebæk, Niels E.

AU - Frederiksen, Hanne

PY - 2017

Y1 - 2017

N2 - Background Filaggrin is an epidermal protein that is important for normal skin barrier functions. Up to 10% of Europeans and Asians carry filaggrin gene (FLG) loss-of function mutations that appear to facilitate trans-epidermal penetration of certain chemicals. We previously showed that mutation carriers have higher internal exposure to certain phthalates, compared to controls, and hypothesized that they could have increased trans-epidermal penetration of other chemicals. Objectives We investigated exposure to non-persistent chemicals in young Danish men with and without FLG mutations. Methods Concentrations of eight simple phenols, six parabens and nine UV filters were analysed in urine from 65 FLG loss-of-function mutation carriers and 130 non-carriers (controls). Regression analyses, controlling for urinary dilution and confounders, were performed to estimate associations between FLG mutation status and chemical concentrations in urine. Results FLG mutation carriers had 80% (13–180%) higher urinary concentrations of methyl paraben (MeP) and 91% (13–219%) higher concentrations of n-propyl paraben (n-PrP) than controls. For 13 compounds, levels were higher in FLG mutation carriers, although differences were only statistically significant for MeP and n-PrP. Combined statistical analysis of concentrations of all the 18 compounds that were detectable in > 10% of subjects, suggested that concentrations were generally higher in mutation carriers (p = 0.03). Conclusion FLG loss-of-function mutation carriers have a higher internal exposure to some non-persistent chemicals, independently of atopic dermatitis. This may be due to increased trans-epidermal absorption and/or higher exposure, and mutation carriers may constitute a group susceptible to increased absorption of chemicals and topical medication.

AB - Background Filaggrin is an epidermal protein that is important for normal skin barrier functions. Up to 10% of Europeans and Asians carry filaggrin gene (FLG) loss-of function mutations that appear to facilitate trans-epidermal penetration of certain chemicals. We previously showed that mutation carriers have higher internal exposure to certain phthalates, compared to controls, and hypothesized that they could have increased trans-epidermal penetration of other chemicals. Objectives We investigated exposure to non-persistent chemicals in young Danish men with and without FLG mutations. Methods Concentrations of eight simple phenols, six parabens and nine UV filters were analysed in urine from 65 FLG loss-of-function mutation carriers and 130 non-carriers (controls). Regression analyses, controlling for urinary dilution and confounders, were performed to estimate associations between FLG mutation status and chemical concentrations in urine. Results FLG mutation carriers had 80% (13–180%) higher urinary concentrations of methyl paraben (MeP) and 91% (13–219%) higher concentrations of n-propyl paraben (n-PrP) than controls. For 13 compounds, levels were higher in FLG mutation carriers, although differences were only statistically significant for MeP and n-PrP. Combined statistical analysis of concentrations of all the 18 compounds that were detectable in > 10% of subjects, suggested that concentrations were generally higher in mutation carriers (p = 0.03). Conclusion FLG loss-of-function mutation carriers have a higher internal exposure to some non-persistent chemicals, independently of atopic dermatitis. This may be due to increased trans-epidermal absorption and/or higher exposure, and mutation carriers may constitute a group susceptible to increased absorption of chemicals and topical medication.

KW - Dermal exposure

KW - Endocrine disrupting chemicals

KW - Filaggrin

KW - Parabens

KW - Phenols

KW - UV filters

U2 - 10.1016/j.envint.2017.05.013

DO - 10.1016/j.envint.2017.05.013

M3 - Journal article

AN - SCOPUS:85019198505

VL - 105

SP - 105

EP - 111

JO - Environment International

JF - Environment International

SN - 0160-4120

ER -

ID: 189412700