It Remains Unknown Whether Filaggrin Gene Mutations Evolved to Increase Cutaneous Synthesis of Vitamin D

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Standard

It Remains Unknown Whether Filaggrin Gene Mutations Evolved to Increase Cutaneous Synthesis of Vitamin D. / Thyssen, Jacob P; Elias, Peter M.

In: Genome Biology and Evolution, Vol. 9, No. 4, 01.04.2017, p. 900-901.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Harvard

Thyssen, JP & Elias, PM 2017, 'It Remains Unknown Whether Filaggrin Gene Mutations Evolved to Increase Cutaneous Synthesis of Vitamin D', Genome Biology and Evolution, vol. 9, no. 4, pp. 900-901. https://doi.org/10.1093/gbe/evx049

APA

Thyssen, J. P., & Elias, P. M. (2017). It Remains Unknown Whether Filaggrin Gene Mutations Evolved to Increase Cutaneous Synthesis of Vitamin D. Genome Biology and Evolution, 9(4), 900-901. https://doi.org/10.1093/gbe/evx049

Vancouver

Thyssen JP, Elias PM. It Remains Unknown Whether Filaggrin Gene Mutations Evolved to Increase Cutaneous Synthesis of Vitamin D. Genome Biology and Evolution. 2017 Apr 1;9(4):900-901. https://doi.org/10.1093/gbe/evx049

Author

Thyssen, Jacob P ; Elias, Peter M. / It Remains Unknown Whether Filaggrin Gene Mutations Evolved to Increase Cutaneous Synthesis of Vitamin D. In: Genome Biology and Evolution. 2017 ; Vol. 9, No. 4. pp. 900-901.

Bibtex

@article{c8f9051939234c9194008ac5e5a00537,
title = "It Remains Unknown Whether Filaggrin Gene Mutations Evolved to Increase Cutaneous Synthesis of Vitamin D",
abstract = "About 8-10{\%} of normal Northern Europeans are heterozygous carriers of common FLG mutations, while only 1-4{\%} of southern Europeans display these mutations, and only very rarely are mutations detected in African populations. Although mutations are found in Asians, they are different from those encountered in Northern Europeans. Importantly, FLG mutation carriers have 10{\%} increased serum vitamin D concentrations compared to controls. Based on these observations, we have proposed that this latitude-dependent gradient of FLG mutations across Europe, Asia and Africa could have provided an evolutionary advantage for heterozygous FLG mutation carriers, residing at northern latitudes, depletion of the FLG downstream product, trans-urocanic acid, would facilitate the intracutaneous synthesis of vitamin D3 by allowing increased transcutaneous absorption of UVB photons. Such loss-of-function FLG mutations would have provided an evolutionary advantage for modern humans, living in the far North of Europe, where little UV-B penetrates the atomosphere. In a recent article, it was concluded not only that the UVB-Vitamin D3 hypothesis is invalid, but also that FLG genetic variations, including loss-of-function variants, provide little or no impact on the fitness of modern humans. While we welcome studies that reassess our hypothesis, their conclusions are not valid for reasons explained in this letter.",
keywords = "Evolution, Molecular, Female, Genetic Predisposition to Disease, Genotype, Heterozygote, Humans, Intermediate Filament Proteins/genetics, Male, Mutation, Vitamin D/blood",
author = "Thyssen, {Jacob P} and Elias, {Peter M}",
note = "{\circledC} The Author(s) 2017. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Society for Molecular Biology and Evolution.",
year = "2017",
month = "4",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1093/gbe/evx049",
language = "English",
volume = "9",
pages = "900--901",
journal = "Genome Biology and Evolution",
issn = "1759-6653",
publisher = "Oxford University Press",
number = "4",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - It Remains Unknown Whether Filaggrin Gene Mutations Evolved to Increase Cutaneous Synthesis of Vitamin D

AU - Thyssen, Jacob P

AU - Elias, Peter M

N1 - © The Author(s) 2017. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Society for Molecular Biology and Evolution.

PY - 2017/4/1

Y1 - 2017/4/1

N2 - About 8-10% of normal Northern Europeans are heterozygous carriers of common FLG mutations, while only 1-4% of southern Europeans display these mutations, and only very rarely are mutations detected in African populations. Although mutations are found in Asians, they are different from those encountered in Northern Europeans. Importantly, FLG mutation carriers have 10% increased serum vitamin D concentrations compared to controls. Based on these observations, we have proposed that this latitude-dependent gradient of FLG mutations across Europe, Asia and Africa could have provided an evolutionary advantage for heterozygous FLG mutation carriers, residing at northern latitudes, depletion of the FLG downstream product, trans-urocanic acid, would facilitate the intracutaneous synthesis of vitamin D3 by allowing increased transcutaneous absorption of UVB photons. Such loss-of-function FLG mutations would have provided an evolutionary advantage for modern humans, living in the far North of Europe, where little UV-B penetrates the atomosphere. In a recent article, it was concluded not only that the UVB-Vitamin D3 hypothesis is invalid, but also that FLG genetic variations, including loss-of-function variants, provide little or no impact on the fitness of modern humans. While we welcome studies that reassess our hypothesis, their conclusions are not valid for reasons explained in this letter.

AB - About 8-10% of normal Northern Europeans are heterozygous carriers of common FLG mutations, while only 1-4% of southern Europeans display these mutations, and only very rarely are mutations detected in African populations. Although mutations are found in Asians, they are different from those encountered in Northern Europeans. Importantly, FLG mutation carriers have 10% increased serum vitamin D concentrations compared to controls. Based on these observations, we have proposed that this latitude-dependent gradient of FLG mutations across Europe, Asia and Africa could have provided an evolutionary advantage for heterozygous FLG mutation carriers, residing at northern latitudes, depletion of the FLG downstream product, trans-urocanic acid, would facilitate the intracutaneous synthesis of vitamin D3 by allowing increased transcutaneous absorption of UVB photons. Such loss-of-function FLG mutations would have provided an evolutionary advantage for modern humans, living in the far North of Europe, where little UV-B penetrates the atomosphere. In a recent article, it was concluded not only that the UVB-Vitamin D3 hypothesis is invalid, but also that FLG genetic variations, including loss-of-function variants, provide little or no impact on the fitness of modern humans. While we welcome studies that reassess our hypothesis, their conclusions are not valid for reasons explained in this letter.

KW - Evolution, Molecular

KW - Female

KW - Genetic Predisposition to Disease

KW - Genotype

KW - Heterozygote

KW - Humans

KW - Intermediate Filament Proteins/genetics

KW - Male

KW - Mutation

KW - Vitamin D/blood

U2 - 10.1093/gbe/evx049

DO - 10.1093/gbe/evx049

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 28338939

VL - 9

SP - 900

EP - 901

JO - Genome Biology and Evolution

JF - Genome Biology and Evolution

SN - 1759-6653

IS - 4

ER -

ID: 195552610