Low fitness is associated with abdominal adiposity and low-grade inflammation independent of BMI

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Low fitness is associated with abdominal adiposity and low-grade inflammation independent of BMI. / Wedell-Neergaard, Anne-Sophie; Eriksen, Louise; Grønbæk, Morten; Pedersen, Bente Klarlund; Krogh-Madsen, Rikke; Tolstrup, Janne.

In: PLoS ONE, Vol. 13, No. 1, e0190645, 2018.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Harvard

Wedell-Neergaard, A-S, Eriksen, L, Grønbæk, M, Pedersen, BK, Krogh-Madsen, R & Tolstrup, J 2018, 'Low fitness is associated with abdominal adiposity and low-grade inflammation independent of BMI', PLoS ONE, vol. 13, no. 1, e0190645. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0190645

APA

Wedell-Neergaard, A-S., Eriksen, L., Grønbæk, M., Pedersen, B. K., Krogh-Madsen, R., & Tolstrup, J. (2018). Low fitness is associated with abdominal adiposity and low-grade inflammation independent of BMI. PLoS ONE, 13(1), [e0190645]. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0190645

Vancouver

Wedell-Neergaard A-S, Eriksen L, Grønbæk M, Pedersen BK, Krogh-Madsen R, Tolstrup J. Low fitness is associated with abdominal adiposity and low-grade inflammation independent of BMI. PLoS ONE. 2018;13(1). e0190645. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0190645

Author

Wedell-Neergaard, Anne-Sophie ; Eriksen, Louise ; Grønbæk, Morten ; Pedersen, Bente Klarlund ; Krogh-Madsen, Rikke ; Tolstrup, Janne. / Low fitness is associated with abdominal adiposity and low-grade inflammation independent of BMI. In: PLoS ONE. 2018 ; Vol. 13, No. 1.

Bibtex

@article{efe33b1a5f2749da939848d2b100076a,
title = "Low fitness is associated with abdominal adiposity and low-grade inflammation independent of BMI",
abstract = "OBJECTIVE: Up to 30{\%} of obese individuals are metabolically healthy. Metabolically healthy obese (MHO) individuals are characterized by having low abdominal adiposity, low inflammation level and low risk of developing metabolic comorbidity. In this study, we hypothesize that cardiorespiratory fitness (fitness) is a determinant factor for the MHO individuals and aim to investigate the associations between fitness, abdominal adiposity and low-grade inflammation within different BMI categories.METHOD: Data from 10,976 individuals from the general population, DANHES 2007-2008, on waist circumference, fitness and C-reactive protein (hsCRP) were analysed using multiple linear and median quantile regressions.RESULTS: In men, an inverse association between fitness (+5 mL min-1 kg-1) and waist circumference (-1.45 cm; 95{\%} CI: -1.55 to -1.35 cm; p<0.001), and an inverse association between fitness (+5 mL min-1 kg-1) and hsCRP (-0.22 mg/L; 95{\%} CI: -0.255 to -0.185 mg/L; p<0.001) was found, all independent of BMI. Similarly in women, an inverse association between fitness (+5 mL min-1 kg-1) and waist circumference (-1.15 cm; 95{\%} CI: -1.25 to -1.0 cm; p<0.001), and an inverse association between fitness (+5 mL min-1 kg-1) and hsCRP (-0.26 mg/L; 95{\%} CI: -0.3 to -0.22 mg/L; p<0.001) was found, all independent of BMI. Additionally, significant positive associations between waist circumference and hsCRP were found for both men and women, independently of BMI.CONCLUSION: Fitness was found to be inversely associated with both abdominal adiposity and low-grade inflammation independent of BMI. These data suggest that, in spite of BMI, high fitness levels lead to a reduction in abdominal fat mass and low-grade inflammation.",
keywords = "Adult, Body Mass Index, C-Reactive Protein/metabolism, Female, Humans, Inflammation/physiopathology, Male, Middle Aged, Obesity, Abdominal, Physical Fitness, Waist Circumference",
author = "Anne-Sophie Wedell-Neergaard and Louise Eriksen and Morten Gr{\o}nb{\ae}k and Pedersen, {Bente Klarlund} and Rikke Krogh-Madsen and Janne Tolstrup",
year = "2018",
doi = "10.1371/journal.pone.0190645",
language = "English",
volume = "13",
journal = "P L o S One",
issn = "1932-6203",
publisher = "Public Library of Science",
number = "1",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Low fitness is associated with abdominal adiposity and low-grade inflammation independent of BMI

AU - Wedell-Neergaard, Anne-Sophie

AU - Eriksen, Louise

AU - Grønbæk, Morten

AU - Pedersen, Bente Klarlund

AU - Krogh-Madsen, Rikke

AU - Tolstrup, Janne

PY - 2018

Y1 - 2018

N2 - OBJECTIVE: Up to 30% of obese individuals are metabolically healthy. Metabolically healthy obese (MHO) individuals are characterized by having low abdominal adiposity, low inflammation level and low risk of developing metabolic comorbidity. In this study, we hypothesize that cardiorespiratory fitness (fitness) is a determinant factor for the MHO individuals and aim to investigate the associations between fitness, abdominal adiposity and low-grade inflammation within different BMI categories.METHOD: Data from 10,976 individuals from the general population, DANHES 2007-2008, on waist circumference, fitness and C-reactive protein (hsCRP) were analysed using multiple linear and median quantile regressions.RESULTS: In men, an inverse association between fitness (+5 mL min-1 kg-1) and waist circumference (-1.45 cm; 95% CI: -1.55 to -1.35 cm; p<0.001), and an inverse association between fitness (+5 mL min-1 kg-1) and hsCRP (-0.22 mg/L; 95% CI: -0.255 to -0.185 mg/L; p<0.001) was found, all independent of BMI. Similarly in women, an inverse association between fitness (+5 mL min-1 kg-1) and waist circumference (-1.15 cm; 95% CI: -1.25 to -1.0 cm; p<0.001), and an inverse association between fitness (+5 mL min-1 kg-1) and hsCRP (-0.26 mg/L; 95% CI: -0.3 to -0.22 mg/L; p<0.001) was found, all independent of BMI. Additionally, significant positive associations between waist circumference and hsCRP were found for both men and women, independently of BMI.CONCLUSION: Fitness was found to be inversely associated with both abdominal adiposity and low-grade inflammation independent of BMI. These data suggest that, in spite of BMI, high fitness levels lead to a reduction in abdominal fat mass and low-grade inflammation.

AB - OBJECTIVE: Up to 30% of obese individuals are metabolically healthy. Metabolically healthy obese (MHO) individuals are characterized by having low abdominal adiposity, low inflammation level and low risk of developing metabolic comorbidity. In this study, we hypothesize that cardiorespiratory fitness (fitness) is a determinant factor for the MHO individuals and aim to investigate the associations between fitness, abdominal adiposity and low-grade inflammation within different BMI categories.METHOD: Data from 10,976 individuals from the general population, DANHES 2007-2008, on waist circumference, fitness and C-reactive protein (hsCRP) were analysed using multiple linear and median quantile regressions.RESULTS: In men, an inverse association between fitness (+5 mL min-1 kg-1) and waist circumference (-1.45 cm; 95% CI: -1.55 to -1.35 cm; p<0.001), and an inverse association between fitness (+5 mL min-1 kg-1) and hsCRP (-0.22 mg/L; 95% CI: -0.255 to -0.185 mg/L; p<0.001) was found, all independent of BMI. Similarly in women, an inverse association between fitness (+5 mL min-1 kg-1) and waist circumference (-1.15 cm; 95% CI: -1.25 to -1.0 cm; p<0.001), and an inverse association between fitness (+5 mL min-1 kg-1) and hsCRP (-0.26 mg/L; 95% CI: -0.3 to -0.22 mg/L; p<0.001) was found, all independent of BMI. Additionally, significant positive associations between waist circumference and hsCRP were found for both men and women, independently of BMI.CONCLUSION: Fitness was found to be inversely associated with both abdominal adiposity and low-grade inflammation independent of BMI. These data suggest that, in spite of BMI, high fitness levels lead to a reduction in abdominal fat mass and low-grade inflammation.

KW - Adult

KW - Body Mass Index

KW - C-Reactive Protein/metabolism

KW - Female

KW - Humans

KW - Inflammation/physiopathology

KW - Male

KW - Middle Aged

KW - Obesity, Abdominal

KW - Physical Fitness

KW - Waist Circumference

U2 - 10.1371/journal.pone.0190645

DO - 10.1371/journal.pone.0190645

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 29342196

VL - 13

JO - P L o S One

JF - P L o S One

SN - 1932-6203

IS - 1

M1 - e0190645

ER -

ID: 216569421