Nickel allergy in a Danish population 25 years after the first nickel regulation

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

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Nickel allergy in a Danish population 25 years after the first nickel regulation. / Ahlström, Malin G.; Menné, Torkil; Thyssen, Jacob P.; Johansen, Jeanne D.

In: Contact Dermatitis, Vol. 76, No. 6, 2017, p. 325-332.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Harvard

Ahlström, MG, Menné, T, Thyssen, JP & Johansen, JD 2017, 'Nickel allergy in a Danish population 25 years after the first nickel regulation', Contact Dermatitis, vol. 76, no. 6, pp. 325-332. https://doi.org/10.1111/cod.12782

APA

Ahlström, M. G., Menné, T., Thyssen, J. P., & Johansen, J. D. (2017). Nickel allergy in a Danish population 25 years after the first nickel regulation. Contact Dermatitis, 76(6), 325-332. https://doi.org/10.1111/cod.12782

Vancouver

Ahlström MG, Menné T, Thyssen JP, Johansen JD. Nickel allergy in a Danish population 25 years after the first nickel regulation. Contact Dermatitis. 2017;76(6):325-332. https://doi.org/10.1111/cod.12782

Author

Ahlström, Malin G. ; Menné, Torkil ; Thyssen, Jacob P. ; Johansen, Jeanne D. / Nickel allergy in a Danish population 25 years after the first nickel regulation. In: Contact Dermatitis. 2017 ; Vol. 76, No. 6. pp. 325-332.

Bibtex

@article{63c710f42b0f4b90a3ea98e4f6a9b5ee,
title = "Nickel allergy in a Danish population 25 years after the first nickel regulation",
abstract = "Background: Nickel in metallic items has been regulated in Denmark since 1990; however, 10{\%} of young Danish women are still sensitized to nickel. There is a need for continuous surveillance of the effect of regulation. Objectives: To identify current self-reported metallic exposures leading to dermatitis in nickel-allergic patients, and the minimum contact time needed for dermatitis to occur. Methods: A questionnaire was sent to all patients who reacted positively to nickel sulfate 5{\%} pet. within the last 5 years at the Department of Dermatology and Allergy, Gentofte Hospital. Results: The response rate was 63.2{\%}. Earrings were the foremost cause of dermatitis after the EU Nickel Directive had been implemented, followed by other jewellery, buttons on clothing, belt buckles, and wrist watches. Dermatitis reactions within 10 min of contact were reported by 21.4{\%} of patients, and dermatitis reactions within 30 min of contact were reported by 30.7{\%} of patients. Conclusions: Nickel exposures that led to the implementation of a nickel regulation seem to persist. The durations of contact with metallic items to fall under the current REACH regulation of nickel correspond well with the results of this study.",
keywords = "allergic nickel dermatitis, EU directive, metallic items, nickel, prolonged direct contact",
author = "Ahlstr{\"o}m, {Malin G.} and Torkil Menn{\'e} and Thyssen, {Jacob P.} and Johansen, {Jeanne D.}",
year = "2017",
doi = "10.1111/cod.12782",
language = "English",
volume = "76",
pages = "325--332",
journal = "Contact Dermatitis",
issn = "0105-1873",
publisher = "Wiley-Blackwell",
number = "6",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Nickel allergy in a Danish population 25 years after the first nickel regulation

AU - Ahlström, Malin G.

AU - Menné, Torkil

AU - Thyssen, Jacob P.

AU - Johansen, Jeanne D.

PY - 2017

Y1 - 2017

N2 - Background: Nickel in metallic items has been regulated in Denmark since 1990; however, 10% of young Danish women are still sensitized to nickel. There is a need for continuous surveillance of the effect of regulation. Objectives: To identify current self-reported metallic exposures leading to dermatitis in nickel-allergic patients, and the minimum contact time needed for dermatitis to occur. Methods: A questionnaire was sent to all patients who reacted positively to nickel sulfate 5% pet. within the last 5 years at the Department of Dermatology and Allergy, Gentofte Hospital. Results: The response rate was 63.2%. Earrings were the foremost cause of dermatitis after the EU Nickel Directive had been implemented, followed by other jewellery, buttons on clothing, belt buckles, and wrist watches. Dermatitis reactions within 10 min of contact were reported by 21.4% of patients, and dermatitis reactions within 30 min of contact were reported by 30.7% of patients. Conclusions: Nickel exposures that led to the implementation of a nickel regulation seem to persist. The durations of contact with metallic items to fall under the current REACH regulation of nickel correspond well with the results of this study.

AB - Background: Nickel in metallic items has been regulated in Denmark since 1990; however, 10% of young Danish women are still sensitized to nickel. There is a need for continuous surveillance of the effect of regulation. Objectives: To identify current self-reported metallic exposures leading to dermatitis in nickel-allergic patients, and the minimum contact time needed for dermatitis to occur. Methods: A questionnaire was sent to all patients who reacted positively to nickel sulfate 5% pet. within the last 5 years at the Department of Dermatology and Allergy, Gentofte Hospital. Results: The response rate was 63.2%. Earrings were the foremost cause of dermatitis after the EU Nickel Directive had been implemented, followed by other jewellery, buttons on clothing, belt buckles, and wrist watches. Dermatitis reactions within 10 min of contact were reported by 21.4% of patients, and dermatitis reactions within 30 min of contact were reported by 30.7% of patients. Conclusions: Nickel exposures that led to the implementation of a nickel regulation seem to persist. The durations of contact with metallic items to fall under the current REACH regulation of nickel correspond well with the results of this study.

KW - allergic nickel dermatitis

KW - EU directive

KW - metallic items

KW - nickel

KW - prolonged direct contact

U2 - 10.1111/cod.12782

DO - 10.1111/cod.12782

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 28386993

AN - SCOPUS:85017442369

VL - 76

SP - 325

EP - 332

JO - Contact Dermatitis

JF - Contact Dermatitis

SN - 0105-1873

IS - 6

ER -

ID: 196440643