Nickel deposition and penetration into the stratum corneum after short metallic nickel contact: An experimental study

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Background: Knowledge about the skin deposition and penetration of nickel into the stratum corneum (SC) after short contact with metallic items is limited. Objective: To quantify nickel skin deposition and penetration into the SC after short contact with metallic nickel. Methods: Sixteen nickel-allergic participants and 10 controls were exposed to 3 pure nickel discs and 1 aluminium disc on each volar forearm for 3 × 10 minutes. Before exposure, 1 forearm was irritated with 0.5% sodium lauryl sulfate under 24-hour occlusion. Immediately, as well as 24 and 72 hours after metallic disc exposure, outer SC layers were removed with adhesive tapes and the nickel content was measured. Results: Nickel deposition and SC penetration capable of eliciting allergic nickel dermatitis were found immediately and after 24 hours. Significantly higher nickel amounts were found on normal skin and in the SC of nickel-allergic participants than in controls both immediately and after 24 hours, and on irritated skin immediately after exposure. Conclusions: Nickel deposition and SC penetration is considerable after nickel skin exposure of 3 × 10 minutes. Combined with the allergic responses resulting from the same exposures reported previously, this study highlights that short skin exposure to nickel-releasing items may cause allergic nickel dermatitis.

Original languageEnglish
JournalContact Dermatitis
Issue number2
Pages (from-to)86-93
Number of pages8
Publication statusPublished - 2019

    Research areas

  • contact allergy, nickel allergy, nickel penetration, nickel release, nickel skin dose, stratum corneum, tape stripping

ID: 235921867