Prevalence of nickel allergy in Europe following the EU Nickel Directive: a review

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Prevalence of nickel allergy in Europe following the EU Nickel Directive : a review. / Ahlström, Malin G.; Thyssen, Jacob P.; Menné, Torkil; Johansen, Jeanne D.

In: Contact Dermatitis, Vol. 77, No. 4, 10.2017, p. 193-200.

Research output: Contribution to journalReviewResearchpeer-review

Harvard

Ahlström, MG, Thyssen, JP, Menné, T & Johansen, JD 2017, 'Prevalence of nickel allergy in Europe following the EU Nickel Directive: a review', Contact Dermatitis, vol. 77, no. 4, pp. 193-200. https://doi.org/10.1111/cod.12846

APA

Ahlström, M. G., Thyssen, J. P., Menné, T., & Johansen, J. D. (2017). Prevalence of nickel allergy in Europe following the EU Nickel Directive: a review. Contact Dermatitis, 77(4), 193-200. https://doi.org/10.1111/cod.12846

Vancouver

Ahlström MG, Thyssen JP, Menné T, Johansen JD. Prevalence of nickel allergy in Europe following the EU Nickel Directive: a review. Contact Dermatitis. 2017 Oct;77(4):193-200. https://doi.org/10.1111/cod.12846

Author

Ahlström, Malin G. ; Thyssen, Jacob P. ; Menné, Torkil ; Johansen, Jeanne D. / Prevalence of nickel allergy in Europe following the EU Nickel Directive : a review. In: Contact Dermatitis. 2017 ; Vol. 77, No. 4. pp. 193-200.

Bibtex

@article{954ff26679cf42c0a0faafcdd4fa4e07,
title = "Prevalence of nickel allergy in Europe following the EU Nickel Directive: a review",
abstract = "Nickel contact allergy remains a problem in EU countries, despite the EU Nickel Directive. To study the prevalence of nickel allergy in EU countries following the implementation of the EU Nickel Directive, we performed a systematic search in PubMed for studies that examined the prevalence of nickel allergy in EU countries published during 2005–2016. We identified 46 studies: 10 in the general population and 36 in patch tested dermatitis patients. A significantly lower prevalence of nickel allergy after than before the implementation of the EU Nickel Directive was found in women aged 18–35 years (11.4{\%} versus 19.8{\%}) (p = 0.02), in female dermatitis patients aged ≤17 years (14.3{\%} versus 29.2{\%}) (p < 0.0001), and in dermatitis patients aged 18–30 years (women: 20.2{\%} versus 36.6{\%}) (p < 0.0001) (men: 4.9{\%} versus 6.6{\%}) (p < 0.0001). Overall, the prevalence was higher in southern than in northern EU countries, and generally remained high, affecting 8–18{\%} of the general population. A consistent pattern of decreasing prevalence of nickel allergy in some EU countries was observed, although the prevalence among young women remains high. Steps should be taken for better prevention of nickel allergy in EU countries.",
keywords = "allergic nickel dermatitis, contact allergy, general population, nickel, Nickel Directive, nickel regulation, prevalence, REACH",
author = "Ahlstr{\"o}m, {Malin G.} and Thyssen, {Jacob P.} and Torkil Menn{\'e} and Johansen, {Jeanne D.}",
year = "2017",
month = "10",
doi = "10.1111/cod.12846",
language = "English",
volume = "77",
pages = "193--200",
journal = "Contact Dermatitis",
issn = "0105-1873",
publisher = "Wiley-Blackwell",
number = "4",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Prevalence of nickel allergy in Europe following the EU Nickel Directive

T2 - a review

AU - Ahlström, Malin G.

AU - Thyssen, Jacob P.

AU - Menné, Torkil

AU - Johansen, Jeanne D.

PY - 2017/10

Y1 - 2017/10

N2 - Nickel contact allergy remains a problem in EU countries, despite the EU Nickel Directive. To study the prevalence of nickel allergy in EU countries following the implementation of the EU Nickel Directive, we performed a systematic search in PubMed for studies that examined the prevalence of nickel allergy in EU countries published during 2005–2016. We identified 46 studies: 10 in the general population and 36 in patch tested dermatitis patients. A significantly lower prevalence of nickel allergy after than before the implementation of the EU Nickel Directive was found in women aged 18–35 years (11.4% versus 19.8%) (p = 0.02), in female dermatitis patients aged ≤17 years (14.3% versus 29.2%) (p < 0.0001), and in dermatitis patients aged 18–30 years (women: 20.2% versus 36.6%) (p < 0.0001) (men: 4.9% versus 6.6%) (p < 0.0001). Overall, the prevalence was higher in southern than in northern EU countries, and generally remained high, affecting 8–18% of the general population. A consistent pattern of decreasing prevalence of nickel allergy in some EU countries was observed, although the prevalence among young women remains high. Steps should be taken for better prevention of nickel allergy in EU countries.

AB - Nickel contact allergy remains a problem in EU countries, despite the EU Nickel Directive. To study the prevalence of nickel allergy in EU countries following the implementation of the EU Nickel Directive, we performed a systematic search in PubMed for studies that examined the prevalence of nickel allergy in EU countries published during 2005–2016. We identified 46 studies: 10 in the general population and 36 in patch tested dermatitis patients. A significantly lower prevalence of nickel allergy after than before the implementation of the EU Nickel Directive was found in women aged 18–35 years (11.4% versus 19.8%) (p = 0.02), in female dermatitis patients aged ≤17 years (14.3% versus 29.2%) (p < 0.0001), and in dermatitis patients aged 18–30 years (women: 20.2% versus 36.6%) (p < 0.0001) (men: 4.9% versus 6.6%) (p < 0.0001). Overall, the prevalence was higher in southern than in northern EU countries, and generally remained high, affecting 8–18% of the general population. A consistent pattern of decreasing prevalence of nickel allergy in some EU countries was observed, although the prevalence among young women remains high. Steps should be taken for better prevention of nickel allergy in EU countries.

KW - allergic nickel dermatitis

KW - contact allergy

KW - general population

KW - nickel

KW - Nickel Directive

KW - nickel regulation

KW - prevalence

KW - REACH

U2 - 10.1111/cod.12846

DO - 10.1111/cod.12846

M3 - Review

C2 - 28730624

AN - SCOPUS:85028704135

VL - 77

SP - 193

EP - 200

JO - Contact Dermatitis

JF - Contact Dermatitis

SN - 0105-1873

IS - 4

ER -

ID: 196441204