Lectin Pathway of Complement Activation Is Associated with Vulnerability of Atherosclerotic Plaques

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Lectin Pathway of Complement Activation Is Associated with Vulnerability of Atherosclerotic Plaques. / Fumagalli, Stefano; Perego, Carlo; Zangari, Rosalia; De Blasio, Daiana; Oggioni, Marco; De Nigris, Francesca; Snider, Francesco; Garred, Peter; Ferrante, Angela M R; De Simoni, Maria-Grazia.

In: Frontiers in Immunology, Vol. 8, 288, 2017.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Harvard

Fumagalli, S, Perego, C, Zangari, R, De Blasio, D, Oggioni, M, De Nigris, F, Snider, F, Garred, P, Ferrante, AMR & De Simoni, M-G 2017, 'Lectin Pathway of Complement Activation Is Associated with Vulnerability of Atherosclerotic Plaques', Frontiers in Immunology, vol. 8, 288. https://doi.org/10.3389/fimmu.2017.00288

APA

Fumagalli, S., Perego, C., Zangari, R., De Blasio, D., Oggioni, M., De Nigris, F., ... De Simoni, M-G. (2017). Lectin Pathway of Complement Activation Is Associated with Vulnerability of Atherosclerotic Plaques. Frontiers in Immunology, 8, [288]. https://doi.org/10.3389/fimmu.2017.00288

Vancouver

Fumagalli S, Perego C, Zangari R, De Blasio D, Oggioni M, De Nigris F et al. Lectin Pathway of Complement Activation Is Associated with Vulnerability of Atherosclerotic Plaques. Frontiers in Immunology. 2017;8. 288. https://doi.org/10.3389/fimmu.2017.00288

Author

Fumagalli, Stefano ; Perego, Carlo ; Zangari, Rosalia ; De Blasio, Daiana ; Oggioni, Marco ; De Nigris, Francesca ; Snider, Francesco ; Garred, Peter ; Ferrante, Angela M R ; De Simoni, Maria-Grazia. / Lectin Pathway of Complement Activation Is Associated with Vulnerability of Atherosclerotic Plaques. In: Frontiers in Immunology. 2017 ; Vol. 8.

Bibtex

@article{4746d643b2404523869ea95ac6681d30,
title = "Lectin Pathway of Complement Activation Is Associated with Vulnerability of Atherosclerotic Plaques",
abstract = "Inflammatory mechanisms may be involved in atherosclerotic plaque rupture. By using a novel histology-based method to quantify plaque instability here, we assess whether lectin pathway (LP) of complement activation, a major inflammation arm, could represent an index of plaque instability. Plaques from 42 consecutive patients undergoing carotid endarterectomy were stained with hematoxylin-eosin and the lipid core, cholesterol clefts, hemorrhagic content, thickness of tunica media, and intima, including or not infiltration of cellular debris and cholesterol, were determined. The presence of ficolin-1, -2, and -3 and mannose-binding lectin (MBL), LP initiators, was assessed in the plaques by immunofluorescence and in plasma by ELISA. LP activation was assessed in plasma by functional in vitro assays. Patients presenting low stenosis (≤75{\%}) had higher hemorrhagic content than those with high stenosis (>75{\%}), indicating increased erosion. Increased hemorrhagic content and tunica media thickness, as well as decreased lipid core and infiltrated content were associated with vulnerable plaques and therefore used to establish a plaque vulnerability score that allowed to classify patients according to plaque vulnerability. Ficolins and MBL were found both in plaques' necrotic core and tunica media. Patients with vulnerable plaques showed decreased plasma levels and intraplaque deposition of ficolin-2. Symptomatic patients experiencing a transient ischemic attack had lower plasma levels of ficolin-1. We show that the LP initiators are present within the plaques and their circulating levels change in atherosclerotic patients. In particular, we show that decreased ficolin-2 levels are associated with rupture-prone vulnerable plaques, indicating its potential use as marker for cardiovascular risk assessment in atherosclerotic patients.",
author = "Stefano Fumagalli and Carlo Perego and Rosalia Zangari and {De Blasio}, Daiana and Marco Oggioni and {De Nigris}, Francesca and Francesco Snider and Peter Garred and Ferrante, {Angela M R} and {De Simoni}, Maria-Grazia",
year = "2017",
doi = "10.3389/fimmu.2017.00288",
language = "English",
volume = "8",
journal = "Frontiers in Immunology",
issn = "1664-3224",
publisher = "Frontiers Research Foundation",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Lectin Pathway of Complement Activation Is Associated with Vulnerability of Atherosclerotic Plaques

AU - Fumagalli, Stefano

AU - Perego, Carlo

AU - Zangari, Rosalia

AU - De Blasio, Daiana

AU - Oggioni, Marco

AU - De Nigris, Francesca

AU - Snider, Francesco

AU - Garred, Peter

AU - Ferrante, Angela M R

AU - De Simoni, Maria-Grazia

PY - 2017

Y1 - 2017

N2 - Inflammatory mechanisms may be involved in atherosclerotic plaque rupture. By using a novel histology-based method to quantify plaque instability here, we assess whether lectin pathway (LP) of complement activation, a major inflammation arm, could represent an index of plaque instability. Plaques from 42 consecutive patients undergoing carotid endarterectomy were stained with hematoxylin-eosin and the lipid core, cholesterol clefts, hemorrhagic content, thickness of tunica media, and intima, including or not infiltration of cellular debris and cholesterol, were determined. The presence of ficolin-1, -2, and -3 and mannose-binding lectin (MBL), LP initiators, was assessed in the plaques by immunofluorescence and in plasma by ELISA. LP activation was assessed in plasma by functional in vitro assays. Patients presenting low stenosis (≤75%) had higher hemorrhagic content than those with high stenosis (>75%), indicating increased erosion. Increased hemorrhagic content and tunica media thickness, as well as decreased lipid core and infiltrated content were associated with vulnerable plaques and therefore used to establish a plaque vulnerability score that allowed to classify patients according to plaque vulnerability. Ficolins and MBL were found both in plaques' necrotic core and tunica media. Patients with vulnerable plaques showed decreased plasma levels and intraplaque deposition of ficolin-2. Symptomatic patients experiencing a transient ischemic attack had lower plasma levels of ficolin-1. We show that the LP initiators are present within the plaques and their circulating levels change in atherosclerotic patients. In particular, we show that decreased ficolin-2 levels are associated with rupture-prone vulnerable plaques, indicating its potential use as marker for cardiovascular risk assessment in atherosclerotic patients.

AB - Inflammatory mechanisms may be involved in atherosclerotic plaque rupture. By using a novel histology-based method to quantify plaque instability here, we assess whether lectin pathway (LP) of complement activation, a major inflammation arm, could represent an index of plaque instability. Plaques from 42 consecutive patients undergoing carotid endarterectomy were stained with hematoxylin-eosin and the lipid core, cholesterol clefts, hemorrhagic content, thickness of tunica media, and intima, including or not infiltration of cellular debris and cholesterol, were determined. The presence of ficolin-1, -2, and -3 and mannose-binding lectin (MBL), LP initiators, was assessed in the plaques by immunofluorescence and in plasma by ELISA. LP activation was assessed in plasma by functional in vitro assays. Patients presenting low stenosis (≤75%) had higher hemorrhagic content than those with high stenosis (>75%), indicating increased erosion. Increased hemorrhagic content and tunica media thickness, as well as decreased lipid core and infiltrated content were associated with vulnerable plaques and therefore used to establish a plaque vulnerability score that allowed to classify patients according to plaque vulnerability. Ficolins and MBL were found both in plaques' necrotic core and tunica media. Patients with vulnerable plaques showed decreased plasma levels and intraplaque deposition of ficolin-2. Symptomatic patients experiencing a transient ischemic attack had lower plasma levels of ficolin-1. We show that the LP initiators are present within the plaques and their circulating levels change in atherosclerotic patients. In particular, we show that decreased ficolin-2 levels are associated with rupture-prone vulnerable plaques, indicating its potential use as marker for cardiovascular risk assessment in atherosclerotic patients.

U2 - 10.3389/fimmu.2017.00288

DO - 10.3389/fimmu.2017.00288

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 28360913

VL - 8

JO - Frontiers in Immunology

JF - Frontiers in Immunology

SN - 1664-3224

M1 - 288

ER -

ID: 195290253