Long-term visual outcomes and ocular complications in children with Marner's hereditary cataracts operated in the period 1940-2021

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PURPOSE: To investigate visual development and long-term complications after cataract surgery in childhood.

METHODS: This cross-sectional study included patients from a family with Marner's hereditary cataracts who had cataract surgery before 18 years of age. The study was conducted from 1 January 2022 until 31 December 2022. The patients contributed to their medical files and participated in an updated ophthalmologic examination.

RESULTS: We included 52 patients (101 eyes, 34 females). The median age at cataract surgery was 7 years (IQR: 5-10) and the age at examination was 40 years (IQR: 21-54). Primary and secondary intraocular lens implantation had been performed in 47.5% (25 patients, 48 eyes) and 16.8% (10 patients, 17 eyes). Visual acuity was ≤0.3 logMAR in 77% (78 eyes), and <0.5 logMAR in 8% (8 eyes). Glaucoma was present in 17% (9 patients, 12 eyes), ocular hypertension in 6% (3 patients, 4 eyes), and 10% (5 patients, 5 eyes) had prior retinal detachment. Mild visual field loss (2 < mean defect (MD) ≤ 6 dB) was found in 62% (63 eyes) and moderate to advanced visual field loss (MD > 6 dB) in 24% (24 eyes). Thirty-five patients (67%) held a driver's licence, and three were not allowed to drive due to low visual function. All patients were employed.

CONCLUSION: After cataract surgery in childhood, many patients achieve normal visual acuity, but mild visual field loss is common. Long-term follow-up is important due to the high risk of glaucoma.

Original languageEnglish
JournalActa Ophthalmologica
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 2024

Bibliographical note

© 2024 The Author(s). Acta Ophthalmologica published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd on behalf of Acta Ophthalmologica Scandinavica Foundation.

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