‘The schizophrenic basic mood (self-disorder)’, by Hans W Gruhle (1929)

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During the first half of the twentieth century, German psychiatry came to consider ‘Ich-Störungen’, best translated as self-disorders, to be important features of schizophrenia. The present text is a translation of a chapter by the German psychiatrist Hans Gruhle, which is extraordinarily clear and emblematic for this research line. Published in 1929, it was part of a book co-written with Josef Berze, The Psychology of Schizophrenia (concerning its subjectivity). Gruhle claims that the essential core of schizophrenia is of an affective nature, a ‘mood’ manifesting itself as self-disorder, an unstable, incomplete pre-reflective self-awareness. His impact on contemporary psychiatry was probably limited due to his confrontational style, but this text has great significance for the modern revival of phenomenological research in schizophrenia.

Original languageEnglish
JournalHistory of Psychiatry
Issue number3
Pages (from-to)364-375
Number of pages12
Publication statusPublished - 2020

    Research areas

  • Ich-Störung, Attunement, basic symptoms, mood, schizophrenia, self-disorder

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