Cancer should not contravene the revascularization of chronic limb-threatening ischaemia

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Objectives: This study aimed to examine the frequency of cancer among patients with chronic limb-threatening ischaemia (CLTI) due to peripheral artery disease (PAD) and to determine how active cancer affected outcomes after open or endovascular revascularization. In addition, we aimed to investigate all-cause mortality and cause of death in the PAD population. Design: Observational single-centre cohort study based on a retrospective analysis of prospectively entered registry data. Materials: All consecutive patients treated for CLTI due to PAD at a single university centre between the 1st of January 2011 and the 31st of December 2015 were included. Data from the Danish Vascular Registry (Karbase) regarding demographics, surgical procedure, and complications were linked with data from the Danish Cancer Registry and Cause of Death Registry. Methods: The primary endpoint was major amputation-free survival. Secondary endpoints were postoperative complications within 30 days, cancer-free survival, all-cause mortality and cause of death in the cohort. Major amputation-free survival, cancer-free survival and mortality were described with Kaplan–Meier (KM) survival estimates. Results: We included 920 patients, of which 116 (13%) were in the active cancer group at the time of revascularization. There was no difference in amputation-free survival between those with cancer (86.8% 1-year KM estimate) and those without cancer (85.2% 1-year KM estimate) (p = 0.50). Likewise, we found no difference in 30-day postoperative complication rate. The risk of developing cancer in the included CLTI cohort was similar to the age-matched background population (6.1% vs 6.4%) (p = 0.69). All-cause mortality was higher in CLTI patients with cancer, mainly due to cancer, compared with CLTI patients without cancer who mainly died from cardiovascular disease. Three-year KM survival estimates were 48.3% (95% CI 40.0%–58.3%) and 64.4% (95% CI 61.2%–67.8%) (p = 0.014) for cancer and non-cancer patients, respectively. Conclusions: Although cancer in patients with CLTI is related to higher medium- to long-term mortality, active cancer per se should not contravene revascularization, as postoperative complications and risk of amputation are not overrepresented.

Original languageEnglish
Issue number2
Pages (from-to)330-336
Publication statusPublished - 2024

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© The Author(s) 2022.

    Research areas

  • amputation, Cancer, complications, outcome, peripheral artery disease, revascularization

ID: 327942585