A randomised double-blind pilot trial comparing a mean arterial pressure target of 65 mm Hg versus 72 mm Hg after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest

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BACKGROUND: After resuscitation from out-of-hospital cardiac arrest, mean arterial pressure below 65 mm Hg is avoided with vasopressors. A higher blood-pressure target could potentially improve outcome. The aim of this pilot trial was to investigate the effect of a higher mean arterial pressure target on biomarkers of organ injury.

METHODS: This was a single-centre, double-blind trial of 50 consecutive, comatose out-of-hospital cardiac arrest patients randomly assigned in a 1:1 ratio to a mean arterial pressure target of 65 mm Hg (MAP65) or 72 mm Hg (MAP72). Modified blood pressure modules with a -10% offset were used, enabling a double-blind study design. End-points were biomarkers of organ injury including markers of endothelial integrity (soluble trombomodulin) brain damage (neuron-specific enolase) and renal function (estimated glomerular filtration rate).

RESULTS: Mean arterial pressure was significantly higher in MAP72 with a mean difference of 5 mm Hg (pgroup=0.03). After 48 h, soluble trombomodulin (median (interquartile range)) was 8.2 (6.7-12.9) ng/ml and 8.3 (6.0-10.8) ng/ml (p=0.29), neuron-specific enolase was 20 (13-31 μg/l) and 18 (13-44 μg/l) p=0.79) and estimated glomerular filtration rate (mean (±standard deviation)) was 61±19 ml/min/1.73m2 and 48±22 ml/min/1.73 m2 (p=0.08) for the MAP72 and MAP65 groups, respectively. Renal replacement therapy was needed in eight patients (31%) in MAP65 and three patients (13%) in MAP72 (p=0.14).

CONCLUSIONS: Double-blind allocation to different mean arterial pressure targets is feasible in comatose out-of-hospital cardiac arrest patients. A mean arterial pressure target of 72 mm Hg compared to 65 mm Hg did not result in improved biomarkers of organ injury. We observed a trend towards preserved renal function in the MAP72 group.

TidsskriftEuropean Heart Journal: Acute Cardiovascular Care
Udgave nummer4_suppl
Sider (fra-til)S100-S109
StatusUdgivet - 2020

ID: 261239654