Left Ventricular Noncompaction in Childhood: Echocardiographic Follow-Up and Prevalence in First-Degree Relatives

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Background: Left ventricular noncompaction (LVNC) is characterized by excessive trabeculations of the left ventricular (LV) wall. Objectives: The authors aimed to examine changes in LV function and morphology in 2 to 4-year-old children with and without LVNC at birth and to describe the prevalence of LVNC in first-degree relatives. Methods: Echocardiograms in children with and without LVNC (matched 1:4) were performed at 2 to 4 years and in first-degree relatives. LVNC was blindly assessed and defined as a ratio of non-compact to compact myocardium of ≥2 in ≥1 LV segment. Trabeculations were expressed as a percentage of the number of segments with LVNC out of the total number of segments. Results: In total, 14 (median age 3 years, 71% male) of 16 children with LVNC at birth and 56 children without (median age 4 years, 71% male), 37 first-degree relatives of children with LVNC (median age 31 years, 46% male) and 146 first-degree relatives of children without (median age 33 years, 50% male) were included. In children with LVNC, trabeculation (8% vs 13%, P = 0.81) and LV ejection fraction (50% vs 49%, P = 0.91) were unchanged from birth to follow-up but LV ejection fraction was lower compared to children without LVNC (49% vs 60%, P < 0.001). In relatives of children with LVNC, 11 of 37 (30%) fulfilled LVNC criteria compared to no relatives to children without LVNC (P < 0.001). Conclusions: At 2 to 4 years, children with LVNC diagnosed at birth had reduced systolic function compared to children without but did not have progression of LV dysfunction or extent of trabeculations. In first-degree relatives to children with LVNC, 30% fulfilled criteria.

Original languageEnglish
Article number100829
JournalJACC: Advances
Issue number3
Number of pages8
Publication statusPublished - 2024

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© 2024 The Authors

    Research areas

  • cardiomyopathy, child, echocardiography, myocardium, trabeculation

ID: 384570777