Association between myocardial work indices and cardiovascular events according to hypertension in the general population

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningfagfællebedømt

Pressure-strain loop (PSL) analysis is a novel echocardiographic tool capable of assessing myocardial work non-invasively. In this study, we aim to evaluate the prognostic value of myocardial work indices in the general population.

Methods and results
This was a prospective community-based cohort study (n = 4466). PSL analyses were performed to acquire global work index (GWI), global constructive work (GCW), global wasted work, and global work efficiency (GWE). The endpoint was a composite of heart failure or cardiovascular death (HF/CVD). Survival analysis was applied. A total of 3932 participants were included in this analysis (median age: 58 years, 43% men). Of these, 124 (3%) experienced the outcome during a median follow-up period of 3.5 years [interquartile range (IQR): 2.6–4.4 years]. Hypertension significantly modified the association between all work indices and outcome (P for interaction < 0.05), such that work indices posed a higher risk of outcome in non-hypertensive than in hypertensive participants. After adjusting for Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC)-HF risk variables, all work indices predicted outcome in non-hypertensive participants, but only GWI, GCW, and GWE predicted outcome in hypertensive participants [GWI: hazard ratio (HR) = 1.12 (1.07–1.16), per 100 mmHg% decrease; GCW: HR = 1.12 (1.08–1.17), per 100 mmHg% decrease; GWE: HR = 1.08 (1.04–1.12), per 1% decrease]. Only GWE significantly increased C-statistics when added to ARIC-HF risk variables in hypertensive participants (C-stat 0.865 vs. 0.877, P for increment = 0.003).

Hypertension modifies the association between myocardial work indices and HF/CVD in the general population. All work indices are associated with outcome in normotensive participants. GWI, GCW, and GWE are independently associated with outcome in hypertension, but only GWE improves risk prediction.
TidsskriftEuropean heart journal. Cardiovascular Imaging
Udgave nummer3
Sider (fra-til)413-424
Antal sider12
StatusUdgivet - 2024

Bibliografisk note

© The Author(s) 2023. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the European Society of Cardiology. All rights reserved. For permissions, please e-mail:

ID: 384024211