Biomarkers for iron metabolism among patients hospitalized with community-acquired pneumonia caused by infection with SARS-CoV-2, bacteria, and influenza

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Background: Ferritin, the central iron storage protein, has attracted attention as a biomarker of severe COVID-19. Few studies have investigated regulators of iron metabolism in the context of COVID-19. The aim was to evaluate biomarkers for iron metabolism in the acute phase response to community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) caused by SARS-CoV-2 compared to CAP caused by bacteria or influenza virus in hospitalized patients.

Methods: A cross-sectional study of 164 patients from the Surviving Pneumonia Cohort recruited between January 8, 2019 and May 26, 2020. Blood samples were collected at admission and analyzed for levels of C-reactive protein (CRP), ferritin, soluble transferrin receptor, erythroferrone, and hepcidin.

Results: Median (IQR) hepcidin was higher in SARS-CoV-2 with 143.8 (100.7-180.7) ng/mL compared to bacterial and influenza infection with 78.8 (40.1-125.4) and 53.5 (25.2-125.8) ng/mL, respectively. The median ferritin level was more than 2-fold higher in patients with SARS-CoV-2 compared to the other etiologies (p<0.001). Patients with SARS-CoV-2 had lower levels of erythroferrone and CRP compared to those infected with bacteria.

Conclusion: Higher levels of hepcidin and lower levels of erythroferrone despite lower CRP levels among patients with SARS-CoV-2 compared to those infected with bacteria indicate alterations in iron metabolism in patients with SARS-CoV-2 infection.

TidsskriftAPMIS - Journal of Pathology, Microbiology and Immunology
Udgave nummer9
Sider (fra-til)590-596
Antal sider7
StatusUdgivet - 2022

Bibliografisk note

CURIS 2022 NEXS 184

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