Oxidative Stress-Induced Damage to RNA and DNA and Mortality in Individuals with Psychiatric Illness

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningfagfællebedømt

Importance All-cause mortality and the risk for age-related medical disease is increased in individuals with psychiatric illness, but the underlying biological mechanisms are not known. Oxidative stress on nucleic acids (DNA and RNA; NA-OXS) is a molecular driver of aging and a potential pathophysiological mechanism in a range of age-related disorders.

Objective To study the levels of markers of NA-OXS in a large cohort of community-dwelling individuals with and without psychiatric illness and to evaluate their association with prospective all-cause mortality.

Design, Setting, and Participants This cohort study used a combined cohort of participants from 2 population-based health studies: the Danish General Suburban Population Study (January 2010 to October 2013) and nondiabetic control participants from the Vejle Diabetes Biobank study (March 2007 to May 2010). Individual history of psychiatric illness was characterized using register data on psychiatric diagnoses and use of psychotropic drugs before baseline examination. Urinary markers of systemic RNA (8-oxo-7,8-dihydroguanosine [8-oxoGuo]) and DNA (8-oxo-7,8-dihydro-2’-deoxyguanosine [8-oxodG]) damage from oxidation were measured by ultraperformance liquid chromatography–tandem mass spectrometry. Cox proportional hazard regression models were applied for survival analyses, using register-based all-cause mortality updated to May 2023. The follow-up time was up to 16.0 years.
TidsskriftJAMA Psychiatry
Udgave nummer5
Sider (fra-til)516-520
Antal sider5
StatusUdgivet - 2024

ID: 385466680