Plasma Concentrations of Calcium and Risk of Alzheimer Disease—Observational and Genetic Studies

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Dysregulation of calcium ion homeostasis in neurons is well documented in Alzheimer disease (AD), and high plasma calcium concentrations have been associated with cognitive decline in the elderly; however, a potential causal nature for this association has not been elucidated.

Plasma calcium ion concentrations of 97 968 individuals from the Copenhagen General Population Study (CGPS) were included and multifactorial Cox regressions using splines or quartiles was performed to investigate the observational association. A plasma calcium ion genome-wide association study (GWAS) was performed in 2 independent subgroups of the CGPS. The plasma calcium ion GWAS and publicly available genomic data sets for plasma total calcium and AD were used to perform the currently most powerful 2-sample Mendelian randomization studies.

The hazard ratio for lowest vs highest quartile of the calcium ion concentration was 1.24 (95% CI, 1.08–1.43) for AD. The plasma calcium ion GWAS identified 3 independent loci. None of the genetic instruments for plasma concentrations of calcium ions or total calcium were associated with AD risk.

High plasma concentrations of calcium ions were observationally associated with increased risk of AD but genetic associations were not found, suggesting that the observational findings may be due to reverse causation or residual confounding.
TidsskriftClinical Chemistry
Udgave nummer5
Sider (fra-til)525-536
Antal sider12
StatusUdgivet - 2023

Bibliografisk note

Funding Information:
This study was funded by the Lundbeck Foundation (grant no. R278-2018-804), Sygeforsikringen Danmark’s Research Fund and the Danish Heart Foundation. All funding was to R. Frikke-Schmidt.

Publisher Copyright:
© American Association for Clinical Chemistry 2023. All rights reserved.

ID: 386611442